Repairing Flash Drives

Repairing flash drives is easier than I thought. I have successful repaired 2 curropted flash drives, and reflash a read-only flash drive:

  1. Transcend 16gb which appeared as an unformatted drive, and will not format at all. Trancend tools didn’t help at all.
  2. Corsair Voyager which tend to hung up Windows.
  3. Windows 8 Read-only flash drives.

 

Below are steps I took to reflash a read-only Windows 8 flash drive. This method applies to most flash drives.

Step 1: Identify Flash Drive

Use ChipGenius to identify the flash drive’s Controller Part-Number as highlighted in yellow.

image

Step 2: Reflashing

Download appropriate manufacturer flashing tools. That are a couple of sites. For my example, I searched for SM3257ENLT Tool in Google which led me to SMI Mass Production Tool.

For this tool, I clicked Scan USB and then Start (Space Key).

image

PC History

Dad’s Past PCs – Retired
1992? – AMD 386 (Acer Power 386SX?)
1997? – Intel Pentium MMX 233Mhz (Packard Bell)

1999? – First DIY PC – Retired
CPU: Intel Celeron 433Mhz (Socket 370 + Adapter)
RAM: 128MB? RAM
Motherboard: Gigabyte GA-6VXE+ (VIA Apollo Pro, Slot 1)
GPU: Nvidia RIVA TNT2 AGP 4x

2002? – Upgraded First DIY PC – Retired
CPU: Pentium 3 500Mhz
RAM: 256MB? SDRAM
Motherboard: Gigabyte GA-6VXE+  (VIA Apollo Pro, Slot 1)
GPU: Nvidia Geforce4 MX 440

2004 – College PC (DIY) – At parent’s home, different motherboard & dead.
Intel Pentium 4 HT 2.6C (Northwood)
RAM: 512MB DDR SDRAM
Motherboard: Abit AI7 (something else now, but dead.)
GPU: Asus Radeon 9600XT VIVO 128MB

2007 – First Laptop (Dell) – This pc is still running after 3rd battery change.
CPU: Core2 Duo T7200
RAM: 4GB RAM
GPU: GeForce Go 7300
160GB 5400rpm -> 320GB WD Black -> 128GB SSD

2008 – Salvaged PC1 (DIY) – Parts sold off
CPU: Intel Pentium 4 3.2Ghz
Motherboard:  Asus P4P800
GPU: Nvidia NV6600
Case: CM Stacker 832

2009 – Salvaged PC2 (DIY) – Parts sold off
CPU: Core 2 Duo 2.2 ghz
Motherboard: EVGA nForce 680i SLI
RAM: 4GB OCZ NVIDIA SLI_Ready DDR2 800 (2009)
GPU: PNY XLR8 GeForce 9800 GT EE 512MB (2009) / Quadro FX570 (2010)
PSU: OCZ 600MXSP (2009)
Case: CM Stacker 832 (2008)

Current PC (2012+)
Intel i5-3570K Quad Core (2012)
Motherboard: ASRock Z77 Pro4-M
RAM: 32gb Corsair Vengence DDR3 1600 (2012/2013)
GPU: Sapphire Radeon 7850 2GB (2012)
Case: CM Stacker 832 (2008)
PSU: OCZ 600MXSP (2009) died in 2017.
PSU: Seasonic S12 II 520W (2017)
Multiple SSDs+HDDs

Current PC (2017)
Intel i7-7700K Quad Core (2017)
Motherboard: MSI Z270 Gaming Pro Carbon (2017)
RAM: 16GB Crucial Ballistic Sport LT (2017)
GPU: eVGA GeForce GTX 1080 SC2 (2017)
Case: Phanteks P400s (2017)
PSU: Corsair CX650M (2017)

Virtual Router / Wireless Hotspot using your PC

To host a Virtual Router / Access Point with your PC, you need a compatible Wireless Adapter that supports Hosted Network.

 

Requirement:

  • Windows 7 or later
  • Wireless Network adapter with HostedNetwork support.

 

Check for hosted network support by running this in Command Prompt:

netsh wlan show drivers

netsh_wlan-show-drivers

If it says No, your network card does not support Hosted Network, or you need to update your drivers.

 

Configure the wireless Hosted Network settings:

netsh wlan set hostednetwork ssid=MySSID key=MyWiFiKey

You will only need to do this once. It will retain this settings even if you reboot your PC.

 

Start the wireless Hosted Network (Run as Administrator):

netsh wlan start hostednetwork

 

Stop the wireless Hosted Network:

netsh wlan stop hostednetwork

 

Set up Internet Connection Sharing (ICS)

Next, bring up the properties window of the Network Adapter that has Internet Connection.

Local-Area-Connection

Check “Allow other network users to connect through this computer’s Internet connection”. Now select the Network Adapter to share to (in my case, HostedNetwork).

Local-Area-Connection-Sharing

Once properly configured, your Hosted Network Status should show Internet connectivity.

Hosted-Network-Status-Internet

 

Supported Devices

Unsupported Network Adapters
Intel® PRO/Wireless 3945ABG Network Connection
Intel® Wireless WiFi Link 4965AGN
Intel® Centrino® Wireless-N 100
Intel® Centrino® Wireless-N 130

 

Not Supported Devices

          

 

More Information

Wireless Laptop Card

Wireless LANWiFi ProtocolWiFi Max. Speed(Transmit/Receive)
MIMO
Form FactorYear IntroducedFeatures
Intel® PRO/Wireless 2100b11 MbpsMiniPCI: IIIA, IIIB2003
Intel® PRO/Wireless 2100Aa, bMiniPCI: IIIB2003
Intel® PRO/Wireless 2200BGb, g54 MbpsMiniPCI: IIIB2004
Intel® PRO/Wireless 2915ABG a, b, g54 MbpsMiniPCI: IIIB2005
Intel® PRO/Wireless 3945ABG a, b, g54 MbpsPCIe MiniCard2006
Intel® Wireless WiFi Link 4965AGNa, b, g, n(2.4/5)300/300 Mbps
2x3:2
PCIe MiniCard2007
Intel® Centrino® Wireless-N 100b, g, n(2.4)150/150 Mbps
1x1:1
PCIe Half MiniCard2011Wi-Fi Direct™
Intel® My WiFi Technology
Intel® Centrino® Wireless-N 105b, g, n(2.4)150/150 Mbps
1x1:1
PCIe Half MiniCard2012Wi-Fi Direct™
Intel® My WiFi Dashboard
Intel® Centrino® Wireless-N 130b, g, n(2.4)150/150 Mbps
1x1:1
PCIe Half MiniCard2011Wi-Fi Direct™
Bluetooth 3.0+HS
Intel® My WiFi Dashboard
Intel® Centrino® Wireless-N 135b, g, n(2.4)150/150 Mbps
1x1:1
PCIe Half MiniCard2012Wi-Fi Direct™
Bluetooth 4.0 Low Energy
Intel® My WiFi Dashboard
Intel® Centrino® Wireless-N 1000b, g, n(2.4)150/300 Mbps
1x2:2
PCIe MiniCard
PCIe Half MiniCard
2011Wi-Fi Direct™
Intel® My WiFi Dashboard
Intel® Centrino® Wireless-N 1030b, g, n(2.4)150/300 Mbps
1x2:2
PCIe Half MiniCard2011Wi-Fi Direct™
Bluetooth 3.0+HS
Intel® My WiFi Dashboard
Intel® Centrino® Wireless-N 2200b, g, n(2.4)300/300 Mbps
2x2:2
PCIe Half MiniCard2012Wi-Fi Direct™
Intel® Wireless Display
Intel® Smart Connect Technology
Intel® My WiFi Dashboard
Intel® Centrino® Wireless-N 2230b, g, n(2.4)300/300 Mbps
2x2:2
PCIe Half MiniCard2012Wi-Fi Direct™
Bluetooth 4.0 Low Energy
Intel® Wireless Display
Intel® Smart Connect Technology
Intel® My WiFi Dashboard
Intel® Centrino® Wireless-N + WiMAX 6150b, g, n(2.4)150/300 Mbps
1x2:2
PCIe Half MiniCard2011Wi-Fi Direct™
WiMAX
Intel® Wireless Display
Intel® Smart Connect Technology
Intel® My WiFi Dashboard
Intel® Centrino® Advanced-N 6200a, b, g, n(2.4/5)300/300 Mbps
2x2:2
PCIe Half MiniCard2011Wi-Fi Direct™
Intel® Wireless Display
Intel® Smart Connect Technology
Intel® My WiFi Dashboard
Intel® Centrino® Advanced-N 6205a, b, g, n(2.4/5)300/300 Mbps
2x2:2
PCIe Half MiniCard2011Wi-Fi Direct™
Intel® Wireless Display
Intel® Smart Connect Technology
Intel® My WiFi Dashboard
Intel® Centrino® Advanced-N 6230a, b, g, n(2.4/5)300/300 Mbps
2x2:2
PCIe Half MiniCard2011Wi-Fi Direct™
Bluetooth 4.0 Low Energy
Intel® Wireless Display
Intel® Smart Connect Technology
Intel® My WiFi Dashboard
Intel® Centrino® Advanced-N 6235a, b, g, n(2.4/5)300/300 Mbps
2x2:2
PCIe Half MiniCard2012Wi-Fi Direct™
Bluetooth 4.0 Low Energy
Intel® Wireless Display
Intel® Smart Connect Technology
Intel® My WiFi Dashboard
Intel® Centrino® Advanced-N + WiMAX 6250a, b, g, n(2.4/5)300/300 Mbps
2x2:2
PCIe Half MiniCard2011Wi-Fi Direct™
WiMAX
Intel® Wireless Display
Intel® Smart Connect Technology
Intel® My WiFi Dashboard
Intel® Centrino® Ultimate-N 6300a, b, g, n(2.4/5)450/450 Mbps
3x3:3
PCIe Half MiniCard2011Wi-Fi Direct™
Intel® Wireless Display
Intel® Smart Connect Technology
Intel® My WiFi Dashboard
Dell Wireless 1350b, g54 MbpsMiniPCI
Dell Wireless 1450a, b, g54 MbpsMiniPCI
Dell Wireless 1501
(Broadcom)
b, g, n(2.4)72/72 Mbps
1x1:1
PCIe Half MiniCard
Dell Wireless 1505
Dell Wireless 1506
(Atheros AR5B125)
b, g, n(2.4)150/150 Mbps
1x1:1
PCIe Half MiniCard
Dell Wireless 1510
Dell Wireless 1520
Dell Wireless 1530a, b, g, n(2.4)300/300 Mbps
2x2:2